About Boka Bay
No matter whether you enter Boka by land or by sea - your experience will be the same - Boka will fascinate you! It looks as if the mountains have cracked and let the sea in. This is the southernmost fjord in Europe. The high mountains bend over the thin coastline thus protecting it from the severe climate from the north. That is why Boka is an oasis of Mediterranean vegetation: agave, palm, mimosa, oleander, kiwi, pomegranate, medicinal herbs. When its peaks are covered with snow, the roses bloom in the foothills.
Whoever visits Boka he or she experiences it on a special individual way. No matter whether we are talking about artists, scientists, businessmen or tourists, Boka performs strong impression on all human senses. Boka is a place where various differences meet up and mix up by creating an entirely special ambiance. Contrasts are replicated in nature where in one part of the bay one can see steep rocky mountains rising upon the calm sea surface, while on the other part flourish real botanical gardens. Contrasts are also emphasized in the cultural-historic heritage where two civilizations of east and of west meet upon each other in a special harmony. Prehistoric age, Iliric age, Roman - Byzantine age, renaissance, baroque, gothic styles all that is melted together and blended with the modern life, showing that the real valuables last forever together in harmony.
Total surface of the bay: 87.3 km2, volume: 2.4 x 106 km3 , maximal depth: 60 m, average depth: 27.3 m, water salinity: 28%, total length of the coast: 105.7 km. The bay of Boka Kotorska penetrates 28 km deep into the land area.
Boka is bejeweled by seven islands: Mamula, Sv. Marko, Gospa od Skrpjela, Sv. Djordje, Milosrdja, Ostrvo Cvijeca and Mala Gospa. Along the whole coast of Boka there is a chain of small towns and settlements all of which has its own story.
From the south-eastern side the bay is surrounded by the karst massif of mountain Lovcen (1749 m). From the north-west side by the karst massif of mountains Orjen (1895 m), Radostak (1446 m) and Dobrostica (1570 m). Between above two massifs just above Perast spreads karst massif Kason (873 m).
Peninsula Lustica is located on the south eastern side of the entrance to the bay, while the Vitaljina peninsula is located on the north-western part. The two peninsulas are separated by the channel Ostro. In the inner part of the bay there are two more peninsulas Vrmac and Devesilje separated by the strait Verige. Strait Verige divides Boka Kotorska bay on two frontal bays: bay of Herceg Novi (former bay of Topla) and bay of Tivat; and two internal bays: bay of Risan and bay of Kotor.
The region of Boka Kotorska, observed as a geomorphological and geovegetational entity is enormously wealthy in nature with special characteristics creating quite unusual contrasts in the relief, vegetation and stone structures.
Located between the Adriatic Sea and the vide limestone area the region of Boka Kotorska is under a strong influence of Mediterranean and Mountain climate. That special climate blend creates a distinguished Sub-Mediterranean climate quite different from other part of Montenegrin coast. Unique feature for Boka is the early spring when all surrounding mountains are still covered with snow while the coast flourishes with Mediterranean trees and flowers in blossom. During the winter one can enjoy the pleasant sun and calm weather on the coast while to the mountains and snow takes just 1 hour of slow drive. Summer season in Boka is pleasant with a little bit more rain especially in the internal area, than in other parts of the Montenegrin coast, which is on the other hand reflected in dense vegetation. The most of the rain in Boka falls in the late autumn and partly during winter. Along the whole coast line of the bay exist the rich distribution of Mediterranean, continental and exotic vegetation such as laurels, palms, olive-trees, orange and lemon trees, pomegranate trees, agaves, camellias, mimosas… This is just one part of Boka’s wealthy flora.